Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area

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190 species matched this search criteria




Family Asteraceae (radiate) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

1
Erect Evax
Hesperevax sparsiflora


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: erect dwarf-cudweed, few flowered evax.
Generic common name: DWARF-CUDWEED, EVAX.

Western Plateau Open Space: Hawk Canyon Trail, Grassland, March 2013.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Although there are questions in the ID of this plant it appears to be H. sparsiflora var. sparsiflora.
Thumbnail Picture of Hesperevax sparsiflora


Family Asteraceae (discoid) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

2
Annual Bur-sage
Ambrosia acanthicarpa


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: sand-bur, flatspine burr ragweed, annual burweed, annual turweed.
Generic common name: RAGWEED, BUR-SAGE.

Stunt Road: disturbed shoulder, October 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Ambrosia acanthicarpa

3
Silver Beach-bur
Ambrosia chamissonis


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: silver beachweed, silver bur ragweed, beach bur.
Generic common name: RAGWEED, BUR-SAGE.

Point Mugu State Park: Thornhill Broome Beach, coastal strand, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer, Fall.

Male and female blossoms.
Thumbnail Picture of Ambrosia chamissonis

4
Western Ragweed
Ambrosia psilostachya


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Cuman ragweed.
Generic common name: RAGWEED, BUR-SAGE.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Satwiwa Loop Trail, valley grassland, August 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Ambrosia psilostachya

5
Woolly Fishhooks
Ancistrocarphus filagineus


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: false neststraw, hooked groundstar.
Generic common name: NESTSTRAW, GROUNDSTAR, WOOLLY FISHHOOKS.

Open Space near Ladyface Mountain: open patch in grassy meadow, April 2011.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ancistrocarphus filagineus

6
California Sagebrush
Artemisia californica


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: coastal sage brush.
Generic common name: SAGEBRUSH.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Artemisia californica

7
California Mugwort
Artemisia douglasiana


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Douglas' sagewort, mugwort.
Generic common name: SAGEBRUSH.

Solstice Canyon: Solstice Canyon Trail, oak woodland, August 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Artemisia douglasiana

8
Wild Tarragon
Artemisia dracunculus


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: tarragon, herbaceous sagewort, pinon wormwood.
Generic common name: SAGEBRUSH.

Point Mugu State Park: Big Sycamore Canyon Trail, oak woodland, July 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Artemisia dracunculus

9
Malibu Baccharis
Baccharis malibuensis

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space: chaparral, August 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 1B.1.
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis malibuensis

10
Coyote Brush
Baccharis pilularis ssp. consanguinea

TJM1: Baccharis pilularis.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: dwarf chaparral broom, chaparral broom.
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, September 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis pilularis ssp. consanguinea

11
Plummer's Baccharis
Baccharis plummerae ssp. plummerae


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Solstice Canyon: Solstice Canyon Trail, oak woodland, October 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 4.3.
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis plummerae ssp. plummerae

12
California Brickellbush
Brickellia californica


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: brickellbush.
Generic common name: BRICKELLBUSH.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Brickellia californica

13
Nevin's Brickellbush
Brickellia nevinii


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Nevin's brickellia.
Generic common name: BRICKELLBUSH.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Brickellia nevinii

14
Poverty Weed
Iva axillaris


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: WORMWOOD, MARSH ELDER.

Diamond X Ranch: Entrance Road, disturbed grassland, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Iva axillaris

15
San Diego Marsh-elder
Iva hayesiana


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: San Diego povertyweed, Hayes's iva, southern poverty weed.
Generic common name: WORMWOOD, MARSH ELDER.

Arroyo Conejo Open Space: Riparian Woodland, Nov 2013.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Found late in the season after flowering: Flower not photographed yet, compare Iva axillaris.
Thumbnail Picture of Iva hayesiana

16
California Filago
Logfia filaginoides

TJM1: Filago californica.
FNA: Logfia californica.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: California herba impia, California cottonrose, filago.
Generic common name: HERBA IMPIA, COTTONROSE.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: China Flat Trail, burned chaparral, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Logfia filaginoides

17
Narrowleaf Cottonrose *
Logfia gallica

TJM1: Filago gallica.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Mediterranean herba impia, filago.
Generic common name: HERBA IMPIA, COTTONROSE.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail below Triunfo Peak, sage scrub, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Logfia gallica

18
Pineapple Weed *
Matricaria discoidea

TJM1: Chamomilla suaveolens.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: rayless chamomile, chamomile.
Generic common name: CHAMOMILE.

Circle X Ranch: Campgrounds, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Matricaria discoidea

19
Slender Cotton Weed
Micropus californicus var. californicus


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: micropus, cottontop.
Generic common name: COTTONSEED.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Micropus californicus var. californicus

20
Common Soliva *
Soliva sessilis


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: field burrweed, lawn burrweed, South American soliva.
Generic common name: BURRWEED.

Private land near Rocky Oaks: trail margin in oak woodland, May 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Soliva sessilis

21
Spiny Cocklebur *
Xanthium spinosum


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Spiny clotbur, Cocklebur.
Generic common name: COCKLEBUR.

Camarillo agricultural fields: waste areas throughout, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.

Note: has NOXIOUS WEED status.
Thumbnail Picture of Xanthium spinosum

22
Cocklebur
Xanthium strumarium


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Rough cockleburr.
Generic common name: COCKLEBUR.

Point Mugu State Park: Wood Canyon Fire Road, riparian woodland, Sept 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Xanthium strumarium


Family Campanulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Campanulales)

23
Little Venus' Looking-glass
Triodanis biflora


Family: Campanulaceae (BELLFLOWER).
Other common names: small Venus' looking glass.
Generic common name: VENUS LOOKING-GLASS.

Castro Crest: Backbone Trail, oak woodland, April 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Blue, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Triodanis biflora


Family Plantaginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Plantaginales)

24
Prairie Plantain
Plantago elongata


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN).
Other common names: long leaf plantain, annual coast plantago, coastal plantain, slender plantain, five-seeded plantain.
Generic common name: PLANTAIN.

Triunfo Canyon Park: drying vernal pool near the reservoir, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plantago elongata

25
California Plantain
Plantago erecta


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN).
Other common names: dotseed plantain, foothill plantain.
Generic common name: PLANTAIN.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plantago erecta

26
English Plantain *
Plantago lanceolata


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN).
Other common names: ribgrass, narrowleaf plantain.
Generic common name: PLANTAIN.

Backbone Trail between Saddle Peak Road and Trippet Ranch: valley grassland, May 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Plantago lanceolata

27
Common Plantain *
Plantago major


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN).
Generic common name: PLANTAIN.

Solstice Canyon: Solstice Canyon Trail, riparian woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Plantago major


Family Rubiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Rubiales)

28
Phlox-leaved Bedstraw
Galium andrewsii


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Other common names: needlemat galium.
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium andrewsii

29
Narrow-leaved Bedstraw
Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium

30
Climbing Bedstraw
Galium nuttallii ssp. nuttallii


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Other common names: San Diego bedstraw.
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium nuttallii ssp. nuttallii

31
Wall Bedstraw *
Galium parisiense


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Circle X Ranch: Triunfo Backbone Trail, disturbed trail margin in chaparral, April 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium parisiense


Family Oleaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

32
Shamel Ash *
Fraxinus uhdei

TJM1: Not Listed.
TJM2: Not Listed.

Family: Oleaceae (OLIVE).
Other common names: evergreen ash.
Generic common name: ASH.

Riparian woodland, Feb 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Fraxinus uhdei

33
Arizona Ash
Fraxinus velutina


Family: Oleaceae (OLIVE).
Other common names: Velvet Ash.
Generic common name: ASH.

Mulholland Highway roadside: riparian woodland, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Fraxinus velutina


Family Orobanchaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

34
Bird's Beak
Cordylanthus rigidus ssp. setigerus


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: stiffbranch bird's beak, rigid bird's beak, dark-tipped bird's-beak.
Generic common name: BIRD'S BEAK.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cordylanthus rigidus ssp. setigerus


Family Convolvulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

35
Asian Ponysfoot *
Dichondra micrantha


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Generic common name: PONYSFOOT.

Paramount Ranch: sheltered margin of irrigated lawn, April 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Cultivated as a ground cover.
Thumbnail Picture of Dichondra micrantha


Family Aizoaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

36
New Zealand Spinach *
Tetragonia tetragonioides


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Generic common name: TETRAGONIA.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: landscaped parking area, near coast throughout, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Tetragonia tetragonioides


Family Amaranthaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

37
Tumbleweed *
Amaranthus albus


Family: Amaranthaceae (AMARANTH).
Other common names: prostrate pigweed, pigweed amaranth.
Generic common name: AMARANTH, PIGWEED.

Thousand Oaks cultivated area, disturbed areas throughout, July 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Amaranthus albus

38
Prostrate Pigweed
Amaranthus blitoides


Family: Amaranthaceae (AMARANTH).
Other common names: mat amaranth, prostrate amaranth.
Generic common name: AMARANTH, PIGWEED.

Thousand Oaks cultivated area, disturbed areas throughout, June 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Amaranthus blitoides

39
California Amaranth
Amaranthus californicus


Family: Amaranthaceae (AMARANTH).
Other common names: California pigweed.
Generic common name: AMARANTH, PIGWEED.

Peter Strauss Ranch: dried algae-mat in creekbed, Sept 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Amaranthus californicus

40
Low Amaranth *
Amaranthus deflexus


Family: Amaranthaceae (AMARANTH).
Other common names: largefruit amaranth, deflexed amaranth, Argentine amaranth.
Generic common name: AMARANTH, PIGWEED.

Disturbed areas throughout, July 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Amaranthus deflexus

41
Powellís Amaranth
Amaranthus powellii


Family: Amaranthaceae (AMARANTH).
Generic common name: AMARANTH, PIGWEED.

Santa Rosa Valley: disturbed agricultural areas, Sept 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Amaranthus powellii

42
Rough Pigweed *
Amaranthus retroflexus


Family: Amaranthaceae (AMARANTH).
Other common names: redroot pigweed, redroot amaranth, common amaranth.
Generic common name: AMARANTH, PIGWEED.

Disturbed areas and roadsides, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Amaranthus retroflexus


Family Caryophyllaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

43
Sand Mat
Cardionema ramosissimum


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: sandcarpet.
Generic common name: CARDIONEMA.

Cabrillo National Monument: coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Cardionema ramosissimum

44
Mouse-eared Chickweed *
Cerastium glomeratum


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: sticky chickweed, large mouse ears, sticky mouse-ear chickweed.
Generic common name: MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED.

Castro Crest: Backbone Trail, oak woodland, May 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cerastium glomeratum

45
Hairy Rupturewort *
Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea

TJM1: Herniaria hirsuta ssp. cinerea.

Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: herniaria, grey herniaria.
Generic common name: RUPTUREWORT, HERNIARIA.

Circle X Ranch: Hard-packed dirt of the Mishe Mokwa trailhead parking lot, April 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Herniaria hirsuta var. cinerea

46
California Loeflingia
Loeflingia squarrosa


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: spreading loeflingia, spreading pygmyleaf.
Generic common name: LOEFLINGIA.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: China Flat Trail, burned chaparral, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Loeflingia squarrosa

47
California Polycarp
Polycarpon depressum


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: California allseed, California manyseed.
Generic common name: POLYCARP, MANYSEED.

April 2012.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Polycarpon depressum

48
Four-leaved Polycarp *
Polycarpon tetraphyllum var. tetraphyllum

TJM1: Polycarpon tetraphyllum.
FNA: Polycarpon tetraphyllum ssp. tetraphyllum.

Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: four-leaved all seed, fourleaf manyseed.
Generic common name: POLYCARP, MANYSEED.

Thousand Oaks: sidewalk cracks, July 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Polycarpon tetraphyllum var. tetraphyllum

49
Shiny Chickweed
Stellaria nitens


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: smooth chickweed.
Generic common name: CHICKWEED, STARWORT.

Triunfo Canyon Park: near Triunfo Canyon Road, grassland, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Stellaria nitens

50
Lesser Chickweed
Stellaria pallida


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: pale starwort.
Generic common name: CHICKWEED, STARWORT.

Circle X Ranch: Triunfo Backbone Trail, disturbed trail margin in chaparral, April 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Stellaria pallida


Family Chenopodiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

51
Parish's glasswort
Arthrocnemum subterminale

TJM1: Salicornia subterminalis.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Parish's pickleweed.
Generic common name: PICKLEWEED.

Mugu Lagoon, salt marsh, Nov 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Arthrocnemum subterminale

52
Swamp Saltbush *
Atriplex amnicola

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: trailside near salt marsh, Dec 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex amnicola

53
California Saltbush
Atriplex californica


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: California orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, September 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: the flowers of this plant are often referred to as green.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex californica

54
Four-wing Saltbush
Atriplex canescens var. canescens

TJM1: Atriplex canescens ssp. canescens.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: shadscale, hoary saltbush.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Wildwood Park: Las Flores Trail, coastal sage scrub, Oct 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

A California native used in landscaping but probably not native to SMM.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex canescens var. canescens

55
Coulterís Saltbush
Atriplex coulteri


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Coulterís orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu: coastal bluff, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex coulteri

56
Quail Bush
Atriplex lentiformis


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: big saltbush, coast saltbush, lenscale.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: salt marsh, September 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Note: the flowers of this plant are often referred to as green.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex lentiformis

57
Beach Saltbush
Atriplex leucophylla


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: seascale.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, September 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex leucophylla

58
Fat-hen *
Atriplex prostrata

TJM1: Atriplex triangularis.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: thinleaf orach, spearscale, spear leaved saltbrush.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: open disturbed areas, Sept 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex prostrata

59
Australian Saltbush *
Atriplex semibaccata


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: creeping saltbush, berry saltbush.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, September 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex semibaccata

60
Annual Saltbush
Atriplex serenana


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: bractscale, tractscale, saltscale, stinking orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu Creek State Park: disturbed grassland north of Phantom Trail, October 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex serenana

61
Peregrine Saltbush *
Atriplex suberecta


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: sprawling saltbush.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu Creek State Park: disturbed grassland north of Phantom Trail, October 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex suberecta

62
Watson's Saltbush
Atriplex watsonii


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: matscale, Watson's orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Mugu Lagoon, coastal salt marsh, July 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex watsonii

63
Five-hook Bassia *
Bassia hyssopifolia


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: fivehorn smotherweed.
Generic common name: SMOTHERWEED.

Beach near Pt Mugu: disturbed coastal soils throughout, June 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Bassia hyssopifolia

64
Garden Beet *
Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Sea Beet.
Generic common name: BEET.

Drier upper margin of salt marsh, July 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima

65
Lambís Quarters *
Chenopodium album


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: pigweed.
Generic common name: PIGWEED, GOOSEFOOT.

Topanga Overlook near Stunt Road: disturbed roadside, July 2012.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Chenopodium album

66
Pitseed Goosefoot *
Chenopodium berlandieri var. zschackei


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Zschack's goosefoot.
Generic common name: PIGWEED, GOOSEFOOT.

Day Canyon: drying bottom and margin of an ephemeral pool, July 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Chenopodium berlandieri var. zschackei

67
California Goosefoot
Chenopodium californicum


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: pigweed, soaproot.
Generic common name: PIGWEED, GOOSEFOOT.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Palo Comado Canyon Trail, burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Chenopodium californicum

68
Largeseed Goosefoot *
Chenopodium macrospermum


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: coast goose.
Generic common name: PIGWEED, GOOSEFOOT.

Zuma Beach County Park, Zuma Lagoon, Oct 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Chenopodium macrospermum

69
Nettle-leaf Goosefoot *
Chenopodium murale


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: sowbane.
Generic common name: PIGWEED, GOOSEFOOT.

Disturbed areas and roadsides, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Chenopodium murale

70
Mexican tea *
Dysphania ambrosioides

TJM1: Chenopodium ambrosioides.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: epazote, wormseed.
Generic common name: MEXICAN TEA, WORMWOOD.

Camarillo agricultural fields: banks of Calleguas Creek, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Dysphania ambrosioides

71
Cut-leaved Goosefoot *
Dysphania multifida

TJM1: Chenopodium multifidum.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: pigweed.
Generic common name: MEXICAN TEA, WORMWOOD.

Disturbed Roadside, July 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Dysphania multifida

72
Woody Glasswort
Salicornia pacifica

TJM1: Salicornia virginica.
FNA: Sarcocornia pacifica.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: pickleweed, Virginia glasswort.
Generic common name: PICKLEWEED, GLASSWORT, SALTWORT.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: salt marsh, September 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Woody, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Salicornia pacifica

73
Southern Russian Thistle *
Salsola australis

TJM1: Salsola tragus.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: RUSSIAN THISTLE.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Big Sycamore Canyon Trail, valley grassland, July 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Frequently confused with Salsola tragus the "Tumbleweed" form, which is less common in the SMM NRA.
Thumbnail Picture of Salsola australis

74
Russian Thistle *
Salsola tragus


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Tumbleweed.
Generic common name: RUSSIAN THISTLE.

Malibu Canyon Road: disturbed roadside, Oct 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Salsola tragus

75
Horned Sea-blite
Suaeda calceoliformis

Other scientific names: Suaeda depressa.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Pursh seepweed.
Generic common name: SEA-BLITE, SEEPWEED.

Point Mugu Lagoon: salt marsh, Oct 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Perennial, Summer, Fall.

Suaeda depressa is considered a perennial form.
Thumbnail Picture of Suaeda calceoliformis

76
Estuary Sea-blite
Suaeda esteroa


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: SEA-BLITE, SEEPWEED.

Mugu Lagoon, coastal salt marsh, July 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Suaeda esteroa

77
Woolly Seablite
Suaeda taxifolia


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: SEA-BLITE, SEEPWEED.

Mugu Lagoon: coastal salt marsh, May 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Suaeda taxifolia


Family Montiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

78
Sand Cress
Calyptridium monandrum

FNA: Cistanthe monandra.

Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: pussy paws, common pussypaws.
Generic common name: PUSSYPAWS.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: China Flat Trail, burned chaparral, March 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calyptridium monandrum


Family Polygonaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Polygonales)

79
Devil's Thorn *
Emex spinosa


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: spiny threecornerjack.
Generic common name: THREECORNERJACK.

Zuma Beach County Park: developed beach facilities, January 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.

Note: Invasive exotic, NOXIOUS WEED.
Thumbnail Picture of Emex spinosa

80
Conejo Buckwheat
Eriogonum crocatum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Wildwood Park: coastal sage scrub, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum crocatum

81
Slender Buckwheat
Eriogonum gracile var. gracile


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: slender woolly wild buckwheat.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Triunfo Canyon Park: near the Pentachaeta Trail, chaparral, August 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum gracile var. gracile

82
Sea-cliff Buckwheat
Eriogonum parvifolium


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: dune eriogonum.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, July 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum parvifolium

83
Leather Spineflower
Lastarriaea coriacea

FNA: Chorizanthe coriacea.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: spine-flower.
Generic common name: LASTARRIAEA.

Cabrillo National Monument: sandy slopes on the ocean side of the peninsula, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Lastarriaea coriacea

84
Common Knotweed *
Polygonum aviculare ssp. depressum

TJM1: Polygonum arenastrum.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: doorweed, oval-leaf knotweed, dooryard knotweed.
Generic common name: KNOTWEED, SMARTWEED.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, disturbed shoulder margin and pavement cracks, March 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Polygonum aviculare ssp. depressum

85
Thread Stem
Pterostegia drymarioides


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: pterostegia, fairy mist, woodland pterostegia, granny's hair-net, woodland threadstem.
Generic common name: PTEROSTEGIA.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pterostegia drymarioides

86
Sheep Sorrel *
Rumex acetosella


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: field sorrel.
Generic common name: DOCK.

Topanga State Park, Trippet Ranch: Eagle Springs Road, disturbed grassland, April 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rumex acetosella

87
California Willow Dock
Rumex californicus

TJM1: Rumex salicifolius var. denticulatus.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: toothed willow dock, smooth valved willow dock.
Generic common name: DOCK.

Arroyo Sequit: low spot near entrance road, grassland, July 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

The tubercle is often inconspicuous and may be referred to a raised/swollen midvein.
Thumbnail Picture of Rumex californicus

88
Sharp Dock *
Rumex conglomeratus


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: clustered dock, green dock.
Generic common name: DOCK.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rumex conglomeratus

89
Curly Dock *
Rumex crispus


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: curly leaved dock.
Generic common name: DOCK.

Point Mugu State Park: Serrano Canyon Trail, valley grassland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rumex crispus

90
Bitter Dock *
Rumex obtusifolius


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: broadleaf dock.
Generic common name: DOCK.

Agora Road: wet area in the road margin, March 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rumex obtusifolius

91
Yellow Dock
Rumex persicarioides

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Generic common name: DOCK.

Day Canyon: drying bottom and margin of an ephemeral pool, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rumex persicarioides

92
Willow Dock
Rumex salicifolius


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: willow-leaved dock.
Generic common name: DOCK.

Solstice Canyon: Solstice Canyon Trail, riparian woodland, June 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Rumex salicifolius

93
Narrowleaf Dock *
Rumex stenophyllus


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Generic common name: DOCK.

Calleguas Creek: sandbar near CSUCI, Aug 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Rumex stenophyllus


Family Rhamnaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rhamnales)

94
California coffeeberry
Frangula californica ssp. californica

TJM1: Rhamnus californica ssp. californica.

Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Other common names: coffeeberry.
Generic common name: COFFEE BERRY.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Frangula californica ssp. californica

95
Redberry
Rhamnus crocea


Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Other common names: redberry buckthorn, spiny redberry.
Generic common name: BUCKTHORN.

Point Mugu State Park: La Jolla Canyon Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rhamnus crocea

96
Hollyleaf Redberry
Rhamnus ilicifolia


Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Other common names: evergreen buckthorn.
Generic common name: BUCKTHORN.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rhamnus ilicifolia


Family Vitaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rhamnales)

97
Thicket Creeper *
Parthenocissus inserta

TJM1: Parthenocissus vitacea.

Family: Vitaceae (GRAPE).
Other common names: false Virginia creeper, woodbine, Virginia creeper.
Generic common name: VIRGINIA CREEPER, WOODBIND.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, riparian woodland, June 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

A robust climbing vine, may be a native.
Thumbnail Picture of Parthenocissus inserta

98
Desert Wild Grape
Vitis girdiana


Family: Vitaceae (GRAPE).
Other common names: Southern California grape.
Generic common name: GRAPE.

Photographed outside of range, May 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Vitis girdiana

99
Cultivated Grape *
Vitis vinifera


Family: Vitaceae (GRAPE).
Other common names: wine grape.
Generic common name: GRAPE.

Private land near Mulholland and Kanan Roads: oak woodlandl, June 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

As with other species possessing a long history of cultivation it can take many forms.
Thumbnail Picture of Vitis vinifera


Family Crassulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

100
Pigmy Weed
Crassula connata


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: sand pygmyweed.
Generic common name: PYGMYWEED.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Crassula connata

101
Santa Monica Mountains Dudleya
Dudleya cymosa ssp. ovatifolia


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Steep rock face, riparian, June 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya cymosa ssp. ovatifolia

102
Many-stemmed Dudleya
Dudleya multicaulis


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Grown in a pot because natural specimens inaccessible, flowered April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya multicaulis

103
Conejo Dudleya
Dudleya parva

TJM1: Dudleya abramsii ssp. parva.

Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Wildwood Park: coastal sage scrub, May 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya parva

104
Verity's Dudleya
Dudleya verityi


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: Verity's liveforever.
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Far west end of range: coastal sage scrub, May 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya verityi


Family Rosaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

105
Lady's Mantle
Aphanes occidentalis


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: western lady's mantle.
Generic common name: PARSLEY PIERT.

Triunfo Canyon Park: near Triunfo Canyon Road, grassland, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Aphanes occidentalis

106
Mountain Mahogany
Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: birch-leaf mountain mahogany.
Generic common name: MOUNTAIN-MAHOGANY.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides


Family Saxifragaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

107
Round-leaf Boykinia
Boykinia rotundifolia


Family: Saxifragaceae (SAXIFRAGE).
Other common names: roundleaf brookfoam.
Generic common name: BROOKFOAM.

Point Mugu State Park: Waterfall Trail, riparian woodland, June 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Boykinia rotundifolia


Family Apiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Apiales)

108
Woolly Lomatium
Lomatium dasycarpum ssp. dasycarpum


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: woollyfruit desertparsley, hog fennel, lace parsnip.
Generic common name: DESERTPARSLEY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lomatium dasycarpum ssp. dasycarpum

109
Shiny Lomatium
Lomatium lucidum


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: shiny biscuitroot.
Generic common name: DESERTPARSLEY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lomatium lucidum

110
Pacific Sanicle
Sanicula crassicaulis


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: gamble weed, pacific blacksnakeroot.
Generic common name: SANICLE.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Sanicula crassicaulis

111
Southern Tauschia
Tauschia arguta


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: southern umbrellawort.
Generic common name: UMBRELLAWORT.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail: chaparral, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Tauschia arguta

112
Hartweg's Tauschia
Tauschia hartwegii


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: Hartweg's umbrellawort.
Generic common name: UMBRELLAWORT.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, chaparral, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Tauschia hartwegii


Family Euphorbiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Euphorbiales)

113
Croton
Croton californicus


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: California croton, desert croton, sand croton.
Generic common name: CROTON.

Point Mugu State Park: Thornhill Broome Beach, coastal strand, April 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Croton californicus

114
Turkey Mullein
Croton setigerus

TJM1: Eremocarpus setigerus.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: dove weed.
Generic common name: CROTON.

Solstice Canyon: Solstice Canyon Trail, oak woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Croton setigerus

115
Caper Spurge *
Euphorbia lathyris


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: gopher plant, moleplant, compass plant.
Generic common name: SPURGE.

July 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Euphorbia lathyris

116
Petty Spurge *
Euphorbia peplus


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Generic common name: SPURGE.

Weed of moist disturbed places, Jan 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Euphorbia peplus

117
Warty Spurge
Euphorbia spathulata


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: reticulate seeded spurge.
Generic common name: SPURGE.

Leo Carrillo State Park: Nicholas Flat, Malibu Springs Trail, grassland, May 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Euphorbia spathulata

118
Terracina Spurge *
Euphorbia terracina

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: Geraldton carnation weed.
Generic common name: SPURGE.

Solstice Canyon: TWR Loop Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Euphorbia terracina

119
Queen's-root
Stillingia linearifolia


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: linear leaved stillingia, narrow leaved stillingia.
Generic common name: TOOTHLEAF.

Liberty Canyon: disturbed sage scrub, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Stillingia linearifolia


Family Fabaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Fabales)

120
Ventura Marsh Milkvetch
Astragalus pycnostachyus var. lanosissimus


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: MILKVETCH.

coastal strand: Ventura, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Green, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 1B.1

Photographed slightly out of range for SAMO, but an important species of interest. For decades it was presumed extinct until a small population was discovered in a Ventura oil field. There has been a significant effort to bring this unique species back from the brink of extinction.
Thumbnail Picture of Astragalus pycnostachyus var. lanosissimus

121
Southern California Locoweed
Astragalus trichopodus var. lonchus


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: Santa Barbara milkvetch.
Generic common name: MILKVETCH.

Point Mugu State Park: Mugu Peak Trail, sage scrub, April 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Astragalus trichopodus var. lonchus

122
Santa Barbara Locoweed
Astragalus trichopodus var. phoxus

ANF: Astragalus antiselli.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: Santa Barbara milkvetch, Antiselli's milkvetch.
Generic common name: MILKVETCH.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Cheeseboro Ridge Trail, disturbed trailside in valley grassland, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Astragalus trichopodus var. phoxus

123
California-tea
Rupertia physodes


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: forest scurfpea, common rupertia.
Generic common name: RUPERT'S SCURF-PEA, RUPERTIA.

Malibu Creek State Park: Deerleg Trail, oak woodland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rupertia physodes


Family Viscaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Santalales)

124
Sycamore Mistletoe
Phoradendron serotinum ssp. macrophyllum

TJM1: Phoradendron macrophyllum.
Other scientific names: Phoradendron leucarpum ssp. macrophyllum.

Family: Viscaceae (MISTLETOE), Santalaceae (SANDALWOOD).
Other common names: bigleaf mistletoe.
Generic common name: MISTLETOE.

Peter Strauss Ranch: sycamore trees at the front lawn, Feb 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.

The scientific names for the mistletoe group are currently in flux. We follow the TJM2 name here, but recent discussions posted on Jepson Interchange for California Floristics list Phoradendron leucarpum ssp. macrophyllum as the current name for this species.
Thumbnail Picture of Phoradendron serotinum ssp. macrophyllum

125
Oak Mistletoe
Phoradendron villosum

TJM2: Phoradendron serotinum ssp. tomentosum.

Family: Viscaceae (MISTLETOE), Santalaceae (SANDALWOOD).
Other common names: pacific mistletoe, hairy mistletoe.
Generic common name: MISTLETOE.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Loop Trail, oak woodland, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

The scientific names for the mistletoe group are currently in flux. In this case we still follow the TJM1 name rather than the TMJ2 name. Recent discussions posted on Jepson Interchange for California Floristics suggests Phoradendron leucarpum ssp. tomentosum may be the proper name for this species but some authorities are reluctant to lump our two mistletoe as subspecies of a single species (see the note in ANF.).
Thumbnail Picture of Phoradendron villosum


Family Anacardiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Sapindales)

126
Basket Brush
Rhus aromatica

TJM1: Rhus trilobata.

Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Other common names: skunk bush, skunkbush sumac.
Generic common name: SUMAC.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rhus aromatica


Family Sapindaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Sapindales)

127
Big-Leaf Maple
Acer macrophyllum


Family: Sapindaceae (SOAPBERRY), Aceraceae (MAPLE).
Other common names: bigtooth maple, canyon maple.
Generic common name: MAPLE.

Malibu Creek State Park: riparian woodland near Bulldog Road, March 2012.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Acer macrophyllum

128
Box Elder
Acer negundo


Family: Sapindaceae (SOAPBERRY), Aceraceae (MAPLE).
Other common names: California box elder.
Generic common name: MAPLE.

Piuma Road: Riparian woodland, April 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Acer negundo


Family Bataceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Batales)

129
Saltwort
Batis maritima


Family: Bataceae (SALTWORT).
Other common names: beachwort, turtleweed.
Generic common name: SALTWORT.

Mugu Lagoon: salt marsh mud flat, May 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Batis maritima


Family Brassicaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Capparales)

130
Rock Cress
Draba cuneifolia


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: wedge-leaf draba, wedge-leaf whitlow grass.
Generic common name: DRABA.

Point Mugu State Park: Chumash Trail, coastal sage scrub, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Pictures taken over a several year period. Despite numerous visits I have never seen the flowers fully open.
Thumbnail Picture of Draba cuneifolia

131
Lesser Swine Cress *
Lepidium didymum

TJM1: Coronopus didymus.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

PCH graded shoulder near Mugu Rock, coastal sage scrub, July 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium didymum

132
Hairy Podded Peppergrass
Lepidium lasiocarpum ssp. lasiocarpum


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: shaggyfruit pepperweed, Desert Pepper grass, sand pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Point Mugu State Park: below the Chumash Trail, sandy coastal sage scrub, April 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium lasiocarpum ssp. lasiocarpum

133
Dwarf Peppergrass
Lepidium latipes


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: San Diego pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Cheeseboro, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium latipes

134
Upright Pepperweed
Lepidium strictum


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: wayside peppergrass, veiny pepper grass, prostrate peppergrass.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

China Flat Trail: Trailhead near Lindero Canyon Road, disturbed trail margin, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium strictum

135
Poor Manís Pepper
Lepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii

TJM1: Lepidium virginicum var. pubescens.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: wild pepper grass, Virginia pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

China Flat Trail: near Lindero Canyon Road trailhead, disturbed trail cut, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii


Family Resedaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Capparales)

136
Oligomeris
Oligomeris linifolia


Family: Resedaceae (MIGNONETTE).
Other common names: lineleaf whitepuff, leaved cambess, desert-spike.
Generic common name: OLIGOMERIS.

Cabrillo National Monument: sandy slopes on the ocean side of the peninsula, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Oligomeris linifolia


Family Salicaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Salicales)

137
Fremont Cottonwood
Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii


Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Other common names: alamo.
Generic common name: POPLAR, COTTONWOOD, ASPEN.

Wildwood Park: grassland along road margin, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii

138
Black Cottonwood
Populus trichocarpa

TJM1: Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa.

Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Generic common name: POPLAR, COTTONWOOD, ASPEN.

Malibu Creek near Malibu Canyon Road: riparian woodland, Feb 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Populus trichocarpa

139
Sandbar Willow
Salix exigua var. hindsiana


Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Other common names: narrow-leaved willow, Hinds' willow.
Generic common name: WILLOW.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, riparian woodland, May 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Salix exigua var. hindsiana

140
Goodding's Black Willow,
Salix gooddingii


Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Other common names: Goodding's willow.
Generic common name: WILLOW.

Chatsworth Reservoir shoreline: riparian, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salix gooddingii

141
Red Willow
Salix laevigata


Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Other common names: black willow, polished willow.
Generic common name: WILLOW.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Satwiwa Loop Trail, riparian woodland at the pond, March 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salix laevigata

142
Pacific Willow
Salix lasiandra var. lasiandra

TJM1: Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra.

Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Other common names: shining willow, golden willow, yellow willow.
Generic common name: WILLOW.

Trippet Ranch: pond edge near main parking area, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salix lasiandra var. lasiandra

143
Arroyo Willow
Salix lasiolepis


Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Generic common name: WILLOW.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salix lasiolepis


Family Datiscaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

144
Durango Root
Datisca glomerata


Family: Datiscaceae (DATISCA).
Generic common name: DATISCA.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, riparian woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Datisca glomerata


Family Betulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Fagales)

145
White Alder
Alnus rhombifolia


Family: Betulaceae (BIRCH).
Generic common name: ALDER.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Alnus rhombifolia


Family Fagaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Fagales)

146
Coast Live Oak
Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia


Family: Fagaceae (BEECH, OAK).
Other common names: California live oak, encina.
Generic common name: OAK.

Circle X Ranch: group campground, oak woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia

147
Blue Oak
Quercus douglasii


Family: Fagaceae (BEECH, OAK).
Generic common name: OAK.

Wildwood Park: oak savanna (grassland) April 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Quercus douglasii

148
Palmer's Oak
Quercus palmeri


Family: Fagaceae (BEECH, OAK).
Other common names: desert oak, scrub oak.
Generic common name: OAK.

Conejo Open Space: Sunset Hills Trail, coastal sage scrub, May 2012.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Quercus palmeri has been treated as a variety of Q. chrysolepis.
Thumbnail Picture of Quercus palmeri

149
Interior Live Oak
Quercus wislizeni


Family: Fagaceae (BEECH, OAK).
Generic common name: OAK.

Zuma/Trancas Canyons: Zuma Ridge Trail, chaparral, April 2012.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Quercus wislizeni


Family Platanaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Hamamelidales)

150
Western Sycamore
Platanus racemosa


Family: Platanaceae (SYCAMORE).
Other common names: California sycamore, aliso, planetree.
Generic common name: SYCAMORE, PLANE TREE.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Platanus racemosa


Family Juglandaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Juglandales)

151
California Black Walnut
Juglans californica


Family: Juglandaceae (WALNUT).
Other common names: southern California walnut, southern California black walnut.
Generic common name: WALNUT.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Juglans californica


Family Moraceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Urticales)

152
Edible Fig *
Ficus carica


Family: Moraceae (MULBERRY).
Other common names: common fig.
Generic common name: FIG.

Riparian woodland near China Flat Trail, May 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Large, Solitary, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ficus carica


Family Urticaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Urticales)

153
Annual Stinging Nettle
Hesperocnide tenella


Family: Urticaceae (NETTLE).
Other common names: western nettle, western stingingnettle.
Generic common name: WESTERN NETTLE, STINGINGNETTLE.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: riparian woodland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Hesperocnide tenella

154
Rillita Pellitory
Parietaria hespera


Family: Urticaceae (NETTLE).
Generic common name: PELLITORY.

LA County Sanitation District Open Space: Sullivan Fire Road, disturbed road shoulder, chaparral, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Parietaria hespera

155
Baby's Tears *
Soleirolia soleirolii

Other scientific names: Helxine soleirolii.

Family: Urticaceae (NETTLE).
Other common names: mother of thousands.
Generic common name: BABY'S TEARS, SOLEIROLIA.

Damp sheltered areas close to urban landscaping. Feb 2012.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Soleirolia soleirolii

156
Hoary Nettle
Urtica dioica ssp. holosericea


Family: Urticaceae (NETTLE).
Other common names: giant creek nettle, mountain nettle, stinging nettle.
Generic common name: STINGING NETTLE, NETTLE.

Point Mugu State Park: Big Sycamore Canyon Trail, riparian woodland, July 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Urtica dioica ssp. holosericea

157
Dwarf Nettle *
Urtica urens


Family: Urticaceae (NETTLE).
Generic common name: STINGING NETTLE, NETTLE.

Thousand Oaks: disturbed coastal sage scrub, March 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Urtica urens


Family Lauraceae (Magnoliopsida | Magnoliidae | Laurales)

158
California Laurel
Umbellularia californica


Family: Lauraceae (LAUREL).
Other common names: California bay, bay tree, Oregon myrtle.
Generic common name: CALIFORNIA BAY, CALIFORNIA LAUREL, PEPPERWOOD.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.

Note: the classification of this family as presented in TJM2 is now very different from the classic taxonomic classification system proposed decades ago by Cronquist. We still use the Cronquist system as it seems more suited to our desire to sort the flowers by visual similarity.
Thumbnail Picture of Umbellularia californica


Family Ranunculaceae (Magnoliopsida | Magnoliidae | Ranunculales)

159
Hairy-fruited Buttercup
Ranunculus hebecarpus


Family: Ranunculaceae (BUTTERCUP).
Other common names: delicate buttercup, slender annual buttercup, pubescent fruited buttercup.
Generic common name: BUTTERCUP.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ranunculus hebecarpus

160
Fendler's Meadow-rue
Thalictrum fendleri var. fendleri

FNA: Thalictrum fendleri.

Family: Ranunculaceae (BUTTERCUP).
Generic common name: MEADOW-RUE.

Castro Crest: Backbone Trail, oak woodland, May 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Thalictrum fendleri var. fendleri

161
Tall Western Meadow Rue
Thalictrum fendleri var. polycarpum

FNA: Thalictrum polycarpum.

Family: Ranunculaceae (BUTTERCUP).
Other common names: Fendler's meadow-rue.
Generic common name: MEADOW-RUE.

Westlake Road: riparian woodland, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Thalictrum fendleri var. polycarpum


Family Hydrocharitaceae (Liliopsida | Alismatidae | Hydrocharitales)

162
Southern Waternymph
Najas guadalupensis ssp. guadalupensis

TJM1: Najas guadalupensis.

Family: Hydrocharitaceae (WATERWEED).
Other common names: Guadalupe water nymph, common water-nymph.
Generic common name: WATERNYMPH.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Pond, open water near shore, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Najas guadalupensis ssp. guadalupensis

163
Holly-leaved Water-nymph
Najas marina


Family: Hydrocharitaceae (WATERWEED).
Other common names: spiny naiad, marine water nymph.
Generic common name: WATERNYMPH.

Lake Sherwood: open water near shore: Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Najas marina


Family Ruppiaceae (Liliopsida | Alismatidae | Najadales)

164
Wigeon Grass
Ruppia maritima


Family: Ruppiaceae (DITCH-GRASS), Potamogetonaceae (PONDWEED).
Other common names: ditch grass.
Generic common name: DITCH-GRASS, WIDGEONWEED, PONDWEED.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: salt marsh open water, September 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Traditional keys based on coil count would put this specimen into R. cirrhosa except that the environment was a coastal marine marsh (see the note in ANF).
Thumbnail Picture of Ruppia maritima


Family Zannichelliaceae (Liliopsida | Alismatidae | Najadales)

165
Common Poolmat
Zannichellia palustris


Family: Zannichelliaceae (HORNED-PONDWEED).
Other common names: grass-wrack.
Generic common name: HORNED-PONDWEED.

Circle X Ranch: Creekbed near Mishe Mokwa Trail, July 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Zannichellia palustris


Family Araceae (Liliopsida | Arecidae | Arales)

166
Water Lentil
Lemna minor


Family: Araceae (ARUM), Lemnaceae (DUCKWEED).
Other common names: common duckweed.
Generic common name: DUCKWEED.

Calleguas Creek near CSUCI, Aug 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Not seen flowering.
Thumbnail Picture of Lemna minor

167
Minute Duckweed
Lemna minuta

TJM1: Lemna minuscula.

Family: Araceae (ARUM), Lemnaceae (DUCKWEED).
Other common names: least duckweed.
Generic common name: DUCKWEED.

Calleguas Creek near CSUCI, Aug 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Lemna minuta

168
Water Lettuce *
Pistia stratiotes


Family: Araceae (ARUM).
Generic common name: WATER-LETTUCE.

Open water, June 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer, Fall.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Pistia stratiotes


Family Themidaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

169
Common Muilla
Muilla maritima


Family: Themidaceae (BRODIAEA), Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: sea muilla.
Generic common name: MUILLA.

Wildwood Park: coastal sage scrub, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Muilla maritima


Family Orchidaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Orchidales)

170
Stream Orchid
Epipactis gigantea


Family: Orchidaceae (ORCHID).
Other common names: giant helleborine, chatterbox.
Generic common name: HELLEBORINE.

Circle X Ranch: riparian woodland, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Large, Clusters, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Epipactis gigantea

171
Chaparral Rein Orchid
Piperia cooperi


Family: Orchidaceae (ORCHID).
Other common names: Cooper's rein-orchid.
Generic common name: PIPERIA, REIN ORCHID.

Red Rock Canyon Park: Red Rock Canyon Road, chaparral, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Piperia cooperi

172
Denseflower Rein Orchid
Piperia elongata


Family: Orchidaceae (ORCHID).
Generic common name: PIPERIA, REIN ORCHID.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, July 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Piperia elongata

173
Alaskan Rein Orchid
Piperia unalascensis


Family: Orchidaceae (ORCHID).
Other common names: Rein orchid, Alaska piperia, slender spire orchid.
Generic common name: PIPERIA, REIN ORCHID.

Backbone Trail between Tapia Park and Saddle Peak: oak woodland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Piperia unalascensis


Family Bromeliaceae (Liliopsida | Zingiberidae | Bromeliales)

174
Spanish Moss *
Tillandsia usneoides

TJM1: Not Listed.
TJM2: Not Listed.

Family: Bromeliaceae (BROMELIAD, PINEAPPLE).
Other common names: old manís beard.
Generic common name: AIRPLANT.

July 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.

Occasionally seen in Franklin Canyon where it has probably been deliberately introduced.
Thumbnail Picture of Tillandsia usneoides


Family Juncaceae (Liliopsida | Commelinidae | Juncales)

175
Southwestern Spiny Rush
Juncus acutus ssp. leopoldii


Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Generic common name: RUSH.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus acutus ssp. leopoldii

176
Baltic Rush
Juncus balticus

FNA: Juncus arcticus var. balticus.
Other scientific names: Juncus mexicanus.

Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Other common names: Mexican rush, wire rush, mountain rush.
Generic common name: RUSH.

Westlake Road: riparian woodland, June 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

A complex group, see discussion in the ANF description.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus balticus

177
Toad Rush
Juncus bufonius var. bufonius


Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Generic common name: RUSH.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail: riparian woodland in saturated soill, June 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus bufonius var. bufonius

178
Mariposa Rush
Juncus dubius

Other scientific names: Juncus rugulosus.

Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Other common names: wrinkled rush.
Generic common name: RUSH.

Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space: the unnamed northern east-west trail, riparian, June 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Although J. rugulosus is not strictly a synonym it has been treated here as such. See the ANF description for more details.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus dubius

179
Longleaf Rush
Juncus macrophyllus


Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Generic common name: RUSH.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Sheep Corral Trail, burned riparian, June 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus macrophyllus

180
Spreading Rush
Juncus patens


Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Generic common name: RUSH.

Hondo Canyon: Backbone Trail, oak woodland, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus patens

181
Basket Rush
Juncus textilis


Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Other common names: mat rush.
Generic common name: RUSH.

Paramount Ranch: oak woodland near the creek, June 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus textilis

182
Irisleaf Rush
Juncus xiphioides


Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Generic common name: RUSH.

Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space: the unnamed northern east-west trail, riparian, June 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus xiphioides


Family Cyperaceae (Liliopsida | Commelinidae | Cyperales)

183
Cosmopolitan Bulrush
Bolboschoenus maritimus

TJM1: Scirpus maritimus.

Family: Cyperaceae (SEDGE).
Other common names: saltmarsh bulrush, seaside bulrush, alkali bulrush, prairie bulrush, bayonet-grass.
Generic common name: TUBEROUS BULRUSHES, BULRUSH.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: salt marsh, September 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Bolboschoenus maritimus

184
Panicled Bulrush
Scirpus microcarpus


Family: Cyperaceae (SEDGE).
Other common names: small-fruited bulrush, mountain bog bulrush.
Generic common name: BULRUSH.

Malibu Springs, creekside in riparian woodland, Oct 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Scirpus microcarpus


Family Typhaceae (Liliopsida | Commelinidae | Typhales)

185
Narrow-leaved Cattail
Typha domingensis


Family: Typhaceae (CATTAIL).
Other common names: southern cattail.
Generic common name: CATTAIL.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, intermittent streambed, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Typha domingensis

186
Broad-leaved Cattail
Typha latifolia


Family: Typhaceae (CATTAIL).
Other common names: common cattail, soft flag.
Generic common name: CATTAIL.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, intermittent streambed, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Typha latifolia


Family Cupressaceae (Pinopsida | Pinales)

187
Incense Cedar
Calocedrus decurrens


Family: Cupressaceae (CYPRESS).
Other common names: white cedar, post cedar.
Generic common name: INCENSE CEDAR.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Loop Trail, riparian woodland, March 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.

The Gymnosperms are technically not flowering plants.
Thumbnail Picture of Calocedrus decurrens

188
Tecate Cypress
Hesperocyparis forbesii

TJM1: Cupressus forbesii.
FNA: Cupressus guadalupensis var. forbesii.

Family: Cupressaceae (CYPRESS).
Generic common name: WESTERN CYPRESS.

Cold Creek Canyon Preserve: chaparral, disturbed road embankment, Feb 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Hesperocyparis forbesii

189
Arizona Cypress
Hesperocyparis nevadensis

TJM1: Cupressus arizonica.
ANF: Hesperocyparis arizonica.
Other scientific names: Cupressus nevadensis.

Family: Cupressaceae (CYPRESS).
Other common names: Arizona smooth cypress, Piute Cypress.
Generic common name: WESTERN CYPRESS.

Feb 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.

Not naturally occuring in the Santa Monica Mountains.
Thumbnail Picture of Hesperocyparis nevadensis

190
California Juniper
Juniperus californica


Family: Cupressaceae (CYPRESS).
Generic common name: JUNIPER.

Open dry land near Lancaster: Feb 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter.

The Gymnosperms are technically not flowering plants.
Thumbnail Picture of Juniperus californica




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